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Kumite (Sparring)
Kumite (sparring) is one of the karate exercises to check whether your striking and blocking techniques are effective and is not a game to decide a winner.

Ten-no-kata
Ten-no-kata, which consist of omote and ura, are for beginners of kumite.
  • Omote is an exercise without a partner, and consists of basic striking, middle-level blocking and striking, and upper level blocking and striking.
  • Ura is an exercise with a partner. Both start from hachiji-dachi, The striker takes one step backward and takes the posture of gedan-barai (lower-level blocking). The blocker in hachiji-dachi waits forthe striker to attack. The striker performs a middle-level or upper-level strike as prearranged. The blocker takes one step backward at the same time the striker gives the strike, performs blocking, and gives a winning attack.
It consists of six moves of middle and upper levels.
Kihon ippon kumite (Basic Single Engagement Match)
Both start from hachiji-dachi, The striker takes one step backward and takes the posture of gedan-barai (lower-level blocking). The blocker in hachiji-dachi waits for the striker to attack. The striker performs a middle-level or upper-level strike as prearranged.
The blocker takes one step backward or blocks the strike by stepping forward. After blocking, the blocker performs a winning attack.

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Kihon ippon kumite is shown.
Ippon kumite (Single Engagement Match)
Both stand in hachiji-dachi with sufficient distance from each other, and take the posture of gedan-barai (lower-level blocking). Both move forward to reduce the distance. The striker perfroms a middle-level or upper-level strike or a kick.
The blocker blocks the attack and performs a winning attack spontaneously.

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Ippon kumite (Single Engagement Match)
Blocking techniques in kumite practice
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Gedan-barai (lower-level block) Gedan-barai and spontaneous attack
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Age-uke (rising block) Age-uke and spontaneous attack
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Shuto-uke (sword-handed block) to
block a contact from outside
Attack with sword-handed
blocking arm
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Chudan ude-uke
(middle-level forearm block)
to block a contact from inside
Attack with blocking arm




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